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Joined: 08 Mar 2006
|Posted: Mon Aug 02, 2010 6:31 pm Post subject: Black Guerilla Family
JULY 26, 1903
Several convicts execute a daring prison break from Folsom Prison. Initial reports listed 18 to 20 convicts as having taken part in the plot which surprised Warden Harry Wilkinson and several guards in his office between 7 and 8 am.
AUGUST 8, 1903
Albert Seavis "the notorious and much sought after negro convict,' is returned to his cell at Folsom prison. Seavis was one of 13 convicts who executed a daring escape
OCTOBER 9, 1908
Edward Morton, a Los Angeles Negro convicted of "a fiendish assault upon a young white woman," narrowly escapes the clutches of a lynch mob stationed outside the gates of Folsom prison where he'd been sentenced to serve a life term.
FEBRUARY 12, 1912
Folsom convict Edward Delhante fatally stabs William “St. Louis Fat” Kaufman “serving 25 years for the murder of San Francisco patrolman Eugene Robinson on the night of January 20, 1902“ and William Peterson. Delhante and Peterson had a history of trouble that culminated in the prison yard as the men lined up for breakfast. Armed with “shiv” Delhante “leaped from his place in line and sank his weapon into Patterson’s side as he passed by and again into his back as he turned and fell to the pavement. Seizing the opportunity “to kill two enemies who’d once been friends, Delhante immediately dashed across the road where he encountered Kaufman who put up a futile defense effort. Delhante felled Kaufman with a blow to the jaw and a jab to the chest with his shiv which convinced Kaufman to flee. Delhante pursued his target repeatedly stabbing and jabbing his target until he fell mortally wounded.
Satisfied with the results of his campaign, Delhante calmly retreated to a wall where he was apprehended by Guard Duffy who secured the murder weapon with the request “You’d better give that thing to me, Ed.”…”You’re apt to get into trouble.” Curiously, Dehlhante surrendered his weapon to Duffy and was taken without incident back to his cell where he was locked in until charges could be processed. Sentenced to San Quentin from Fresno county for “an unnatural crime” in 1909, prison officials initially reported Delhante was believed to have been insane.
MARCH 3, 1912
Edward Delhante, “is arraigned in San Rafael on murder charges. At the arraignment, Delhante made an “ornate and finished” address before Superior Judge Edgar T. Zook. When asked how he pled, Delhante replied, “Your honor”…”I am not represented by counsel and have no plea to make. You are at liberty to dispose of the case as your honor deems necessary.” Delhante went to state ,“You have been informed of the circumstances of the crime by which I am charged. I have no doubt you have means of proceeding against men without assistance from me.” Upon the completion of Delhante’s speech, Judge Zook appointed attorney George Harland of Sausalito to represent Delhante.
Despite the “impressive” address, the court sent a clear message as to how Delhante’s case would be concluded. The accused was so heavily shackled during his hearing that he could not walk or stand without assistance. Helped along by two sheriff’s deputies, heavy chains hung from his ankles whereas his arms were chained to a leather belt cinched about his waist. All subsequent press releases made mention that Delhante, was considered “one of the most dangerous convicts ever sent to the state penitentiary.”
APRIL 11, 1912
“Negro convict” Edward Delhante, described as one of the most dangerous men ever housed at San Quentin is found guilty of 1st degree murder in the stabbing death of fellow convict William Kaufman. Upon sentencing Delhante politely thanked the judge, jury and his attorney “for his efforts in my behalf.” Delhante then advised “if the jury knew all the facts in the case they would not have flung men into eternity.”
Delhante’s attorney argued that his client should have been sent to a hospital instead of the penitentiary due to his “misshapen head” the result of “a race riot in Joplin, Mo., in which his father, mother and sister were killed.
DECEMBER 5, 1912
Edward Delhante is hung on the gallows at San Quentin prison for the murder of convict William “St. Louis Fat” Kaufman in February. Delhante fearlessly faced the hangman. Delhante disappointed those hoping to see some semblance of remorse for taking the life of convict Kaufman. In the aftermath of his execution, it was learned that Delhante greatly hated all white people as a result of the death of his parents and a sister in a Joplin Mo., race riot in 1903. It was said that a blood oath sworn by Delhante to avenge the murders of his family resulted in his initial conviction from Fresno county in 1909. Sentenced to serve a term of 14 years for criminal assault, prison officials sought to downplay the racially motivated attack for which Delhante was executed for nothing more than protecting himself from Kaufman and Patterson.
Delhante thoroughly enjoed a chicken dinner and live rag time entertainment in the hours leading to his death. At the appointed time, Delhante calmly walked up the stairs leading to the gallows “with no apparent fear in his heart.” With the noose pulled “taught” around his neck, he calmly addressed the crowd witnessing his execution closing out his eloquent speech bading the hangman to do his duty.
December 31, 1920
12 year old "Wesley M. Wells" is admitted to Juvenile hall on a grand larceny charge. The case is later dismissed.
May 11, 1921
Wesley Wells appears in court charged with theft.
February 5, 1922
Wells is arrested and charged with grand larceny for the theft of a Ford automobile with an estimated value of $600.
June 6, 1922
Wells is arrested and lodged in Juvenile Hall, charged with suspicion of burglary. Wells is released June 12 into the custody of his Probation officer. No charges were filed due to a lack of evidence. Wells probation officer enrolls him at the Alvarado Special School for troubled boys.
June 14, 1922
Wells is accused of causing a public panic after a street car conductor spots him hanging onto the rear of the car while riding a bicycle. The conductor charges that Wells broke a window after he was chased away from the street car
June 22, 1922
Wells busy June ends with an arrest for auto-theft and joy-riding..
October 22, 1928
Robert Sterling a convict serving time for murder, strikes fellow convict James McFarland over the head with a shovel killing him after an unknown dispute. The murder is the second inmate related death in a weeks time at the prison.
December 31, 1931
Hughes Adams, a 28 year old prisoner serving 10 years for assault to commit murder, was slain in a questionable incident at San Quentin. The official report states that Hughes was shot twice in the heart as he dashed across the “big yard” of the prison.
The incident began innocently enough when Adams “exiting the mess hall,” stopped in violation of prison rules to light a cigarette. The infraction “a policy which forbade smoking until the mess line had broken formation,” was loosely enforced and the guard’s decision to enforce the edict at that juncture was viewed as harassment of Adams, an inmate known for his insolence.
When ordered to put the cigarette out, Adams responded with a barrage of invectives that led to a confrontation between Adams and several members of his convict clique. Two guards seized the offending prisoner starting the march across the yard to “12 post,” the isolation cell located near the office of John H. Carpenter, captain of the yard.
According the published report, Adams fearing a return to isolation status “he’d been released from isolation less than twenty-four hours prior for possessing a knife,” suddenly jerked away from his escorts and bolted “screaming,” across the “garden beautiful” on a path toward the wall located clear across the ‘big yard.” The response was particularly brutal as several guards unleashed a volley of shots that began ricocheting about the yard. 7 prisons were wounded as a result including Hughes who succumbed with 2 slugs in his heart. James J. Cavanaugh and inmate serving time for grand theft from Alameda county and guard L.E. Jones were wounded in the attack.
The incident was summed up by Warden James Holohan who stated, “The guards who fired on Adams were forced to do so…Discipline must be maintained and when a convict flagrantly violates orders and appears to be gambling for freedom there is nothing left to do but stop him.” A coroner's jury later absolved Guards Bert H. Rumsey and T. L. Paine of any wrong doing ruling that "they fired in performance of their duty after Adams had openly defied repeated commands to halt." The shooting threw the entire institution into an uproar and for a time it was feared that a "wholesale break might ensue," as terrified prisoners scattered in an attempt to escape the scattered bullets.
Wounded in the attack were Irvin Bartlow, Orville Belfans, Joe Anderis, Jack McWilliams and Harvey Tuttle all from Los Angeles County, James J. Cavanaugh of Alameda County and E. E. Bruce of Yuba City. Guard L. E. Jones was wounded in the foot.
JANUARY 1, 1933
Julius Green, a Negro convict serving time at Folsom prison is shot and killed in an ill-fated escape attempt. Green “allegedly” escaped during a train transport from Folsom back to Los Angeles where he faced a murder charge, picked the locks of his leg irons, stole a sleeping deputy’s gun and managed to slip from the train undetected. Somewhere near Mojave, Green reportedly kidnapped Constable Trump Hamilton and forced him to drive him on toward Los Angeles where officers then intercepted him precipitating a gun battle that resulted in his death.
January 12, 1935
Ernest Smith faced the death penalty for killing Arthur Ruiz in a fight over a bet on a football game. District Attorney Al Bagshaw sought the death penalty on murder charges.
February 22, 1936
31 year old Folsom convict Robert Sterling attacks and severely injures convict Charles G. McKnight and kills guard Willard Johnson. Authorities claim Sterling went “stir crazy” and attacked McKnight striking him over the head with a pick-axe. Johnson was struck and fatally wounded by Sterling as a team of guards made an ill-fated attempt to subdue him. Tower Guard A. C. Derrington fired a round striking Sterling in the left shoulder effectively ending his “rampage.” The incident was the first serious outbreak to occur since the murder of Warden Clarence A. Larkin in September 1935.
Sterling was described as a quiet and morose lifer who mostly kept to himself. Sterling’s record disclosed that he’d previously served a 1 year term in the Washington state penitentiary at Walla Walla and had entered Folsom on a robbery conviction from Los Angeles when he killed convict James McFarland in a fight at the prison in 1932.
MARCH 22, 1937
14 year old Leonard “Sheik” Thompson, Howard Thompson, Walter “Gravey” Wells and Hease Anderson are charged with assault and battery in Ada Oklahoma after an altercation with chiropractor Dr. Ira Middleton.
September 26, 1937
Cecil Duncan, 28 year-old San Quentin convict, was shot by tower guard George Alm after he and another inmate ignored warning commands to cease fighting as inmates marched from the mess hall following breakfast. Duncan and Fred Carroll, were sent to solitary confinement in the aftermath. Duncan suffered a minor leg wound that was treated in the prison infirmary. Black inmates were black.
May 7, 1938
Robert Sterling (Stirling), 31, a Folsom Negro convict, convicted of slaying a prison guard with a pickhandle was sentenced to the state hospital for the criminally insane after being found totally incompetent at the time of the killing. Sterling beat Guard Willard Johnston to death and seriously injured Charles C. McKnight a three time loser from San Mateo county. Sterling “went on a rampage at the prison February 24. The court found that he was guilty of first degree murder but ruled he was insane.
JUNE 21, 1938
Robert Sterling arrives at Talmadge where he is to serve his life sentence handed down for the murder of Folsom prison guard Willard Johnson.
DECEMBER 20, 1938
Robert Sterling judged too tough a patient to handle at Mendocino State Hospital, is returned to Folsom State Prison under the care of Warden Clyde I. Plummer who personally made the trip in the company of armed guards. Talmade Superintendent R.A. Cushman feared Sterling would kill again if aroused and personally made the request to have Sterling removed from his institution.
MARCH 26, 1945
2,500 San Quentin convicts clash over Warden Clinton Duffy's order to end segregation practices at the prison. The battle which took place in mess hall left one convict suffering from a minor stab wound and three others nursing bruises from flying crockery. The order to abolish segregation rules was authorized by Richard A. McGee, then director of corrections. The timing of the riot was curious as the breakfast and lunch periods had passed without incident. The outbreak occurred during the dinner break while Duffy was entertaining a group of legislators at his home.
JANUARY 14, 1952
Eugene Burwell and James A “Mad dog” Rogers attack and kill two San Quentin prison guards in an incident initially described as an escape attempt. Burwell described as a model prisoner was the son of Rev. T. J. Burwell, a prominent AME minister in Kansas. Questions surrounding the incident were raised from many quarters due to the fact that Burwell was just 38 days short of release on parole.
The Scorpions gang centered near Scherer Park “4600 Long Beach Blvd.,” in North Long Beach terrorized that neighborhood. Comprised of about a dozen high school aged teens, authorities charged the Scorpions with terrorizing the community from their base in the Carmelitos Housing Project just north of the park.
Milton Tucker, 23, Samuel Flack, 20, David Cofield, 22, all of 1362 Lewis Ave., and Joseph Allen, 23, 1079 Olive Ave., Long Beach were charged in four separate incidents involving shots fired from a moving vehicle. 8 members of a Long Beach gang including those previously mentioned went gunning for members of a rival San Pedro gang spraying shots wildly around a waterfront housing project on Beacon Street. Officers who pulled over the car in which the defendants were travelling found weighted and spiked clubs, knives, bicycle chains and a meat clever.
Completing a 4 month investigation into a violent clash between rival gangs in Long Beach and Compton, police arrested Sheldon Daniels, 17 and his brother Rennwick Bruce Daniels, 19, both of 1513 S. Burris Ave., Compton and Nathaniel Perkins, 17, also of Compton. Three other members of their gang “all minors,” were charged with armed robbery.
March 3, 1961
A series of racially charge events take place at Folsom prison involving black and white inmates. The first incident was touched off by white convict Joe C. Croffland, of Alameda county, when he took offense to efforts by black inmates to integrate an area of the dining hall generally occupied by whites. Croffland tossed his mess tray into a group of protesting blacks, touching off a free for all in mess hall No. 1. Mess hall guards broke up the melee by unloading a volley of shots that left two inmates wounded.
Another incident involved a fight between a former Los Angeles bookmaker and a Negro whom he had “jabbed” with a dining tray ended swiftfly after a guard fired a warning shot over the heads of some 620 assembled inmates. Warden Heinze resonded to the racial tension by ordering inmates be segregated by race and transferring 24 Negroes, 11 of whom he described as “known Muslims,” to the state prison at Soledad.
When asked about the segregation policy Heinze responded “Negro and white prisoners normally separated themselves while eating,” yet contradicted himself twice when he went on to state “the Muslims, who preach black supremacy, started the integration attempts,” that led to the increase in racial tension.
Heinze believed the Negroes dining room demonstrations were an attempt to attract attention to a petition signed by 10 Folsom Muslims asking the State Supreme Court to guarantee their right of religious freedom. He added “the incidents would not be so potentially dangerous if we were not so overcrowded and if so many prisoners were not so idle. We’re right up to the rafters.” Folsom then held 3,000 inmates, which was full capacity.
Walter Dunbar, deputy director of the State Department of Correction, said “the sect has caused trouble before… The difficulties are cyclical… At one time there will be agitating, disobedience, fighting and then everything will simmer down, only to start again.”
FEBRUARY 25, 1963
Booker T. Johnson aka "Booker X" the 27-year old convict leader of San Quentin's Black Muslim faction is shot and killed by a tower guard in a fight between white and Muslim convict cliques. Johnson was struck in the hip and stomach after a warning shot had been fired. Warden Dale Frady stated Johnson and two other "Black Muslims," had battle two seperate groups of white convicts before he was shot down. A total of 23 men were on the yard at the time of the shooting, many of which gave accounts that were contrary to the prison report.
MARCH 23, 1963
Ruchell McGee is arrested and charged with kidnapping Ben Brown near 68th and Central Avenue in Los Angeles.
SEPTEMBER 16, 1964
26 year old Jack R. Rich serving a robbery term from Los Angeles is stabbed 3 times in the back and neck by George L. Jackson over an unpaid gambling debt.
OCTOBER 26, 1964
28 year old Herman Eyrich serving a burglary term from Butte county was stabbed in the arm near his cell by persons unknown.
JUNE 8, 1966
Robert Sterling Cannady and Buford Lee 'Motor Mouth' Beard are charged in the murder of Leonard 'Sheik' Thompson in the recreation shack at Folsom Prison. A legendary prison fighter, Thompson was with equal passion by guards, administrators and convicts of all ethnicities who feared his unpredictability.
APRIL 29, 1969
Clark William Boney, a 30 year old Oakland medical technician trainee serving time for 2nd degree robbery is stabbed twice as he and several inmates emerged from a prison movie.
APRIL 6, 1972
James L. Carr, 29, longtime friend and political associate of George L. Jackson and one-time bodyguard for Huey Newton is ambushed outside of the home of his mother-in-law near San Jose. Lamar Lloyd Mimms, 21, and Richard Rodriquez, 22, two men strongly suspected of having infiltrated the Los Angeles chapter of the Black Panther Party in the late '60s. Carr's murder occurred 1 year to the date after the notorious courthouse battle.
Hostilities began after members of the Long Beach Acey-Ducey Gang shot a member of the Compton US gang outside the Teen Center No. 103, 1918 Atlantic Ave. This shooting was followed by a retaliatory attack initiated by the US gang against the Acey-Ducey’s at McArthur Park, 1325 E. Anaheim Street that left three members of the US gang wounded.
May 2, 1978
Rosevelt Duckett 22 stabs Lloyd Arnold Lynch, 21 to death in a racially motivated attack at Duel Vocation Institute.
AUGUST 17, 1979
16 year old Mark Adams killed 16 year old Michael Ridenour on a baseball field in Moesto.
JUNE 10, 1986
Mark Adams makes a bold escape from San Quentin prison. He is later found hiding in the home of his fiancé Elsie Diaz.
AUGUST 28, 1988
Andre Armstrong, James Brown both of Pacoima, Lorretha Anderson and her two year old daughter Chemise English of Seaside are murdered in a crack house located in the 11400 block of Wheeler Street near Fenton Avenue in Lake View Terrace. The murders were the result of an internal dispute between members of the Black Guerilla Family.
AUGUST 1, 1991
Fugitive John Preston Settle, an alleged member of the Black Guerilla Family is arrested near an apartment in the 2800 block of Leeward Avenue in Los Angeles. Settle a member of the FBI’s 10 most wanted list, had been sought for 3 years for his role in a Lake View Terrace crack house massacre of four people including a 2 year old girl.
MARCH 7, 1994
Convicted murderer and Black Guerilla Family affiliate Mark Adams is shot to death during a physical altercation with BGF dropout Paul Green.
AUGUST 23, 1995
The Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department prepares a probation report on Vincent C. Bruce containing information received from a confidential informant identifying Bruce as a Black Guerilla Family “shot caller.”
NOVEMBER 2, 1995
The Institutional Gang Investigator at North Kern State Prison launches an investigation into allegations that Vincent C. Bruce is a member and “shot caller” of the Black Guerilla Family (BGF). Evidence is inconclusive to validate the claims against him.
Bruce is transferred to Pelican Bay State Prison where the Institutional Gang Investigator initiates an investigation to determine Bruce’s alleged status as a Black Guerilla Family member and “shot caller.”
April 24, 1996
The Institutional Gang Investigator at Pelican Bay State Prison notifies Bruce that there was insufficient evidence to conclude his status as a member and “shot caller” of the Black Guerilla Family (BGF).
Bruce is transferred to Salinas Valley State Prison.
Bruce receives a 30-day administrative segregation sentence for committing a battery on another inmate. Bruce files a series of grievances regarding inadequate prison conditions. All of the grievances are filed on behalf of himself and other inmates. Bruce was retained in administrative segregation following the completion of his 30-day term pending the completion of an investigation of his alleged affiliation with the BGF.
AUGUST 3, 1998
The Institutional Gang Investigator “Washington” met with Bruce and informed him that he was being validated as a BGF member. “Washington” reportedly told Bruce that the order to validate him was ordered by “higher-ups,” in retaliation for the grievances he filed. The evidence used to confirm his status as a BGF member, consisted of the same evidence presented in the prior hearings where he’d been cleared of gang activity.
AUGUST 21, 1998
Senior Special Agent S.C. Wohlwend validates Bruce as an associate of the Black Guerilla Family. The Institutional Classification Committee determines that Bruce should be assessed an indeterminate confinement at Pelican Bay Security Housing Unit. Bruce exhausts his appeals of the validation through the California Department of Corrections.
DECEMBER 1, 1998
A federal jury awards the family of Mark Adams $2.3 million after finding correctional officer Timothy Scott Reynolds used excessive force when he shot Adams to death on March 7, 1994.
Ronnie Dewberry, 53, reputedly the Black Guerilla Family "minister of education" joins fellow Pelican Bay inmates Todd Ashker and Danny Troxell both high ranking 'Aryan Brotherhood' members, Arturo "Tablas" Castellanos 'Mexican Mafia', and George Franco of the Nuestra Familia in protesting conditions in the SHU unit of the maximum security prison.
February 1, 2012
Active leaders of the Black Guerilla Family are.
PELICAN BAY STATE PRISON
Ronnie Dewberry aka Sitawa Nanatambu Jamaa, D-4-102/#C-35671,
James N. Harvey aka Abdul Olubala Shakur D-6-113/#C-48884,
James Crawford aka Mutope Duguma, #D-05996,
Michael Cooperwood aka Mutawally, #C-46411,
James Willamsun aka Baridi, #D-34288,
Leonard Alexander aka Yafeu Iyapo, #B-73388,
Marcus Harrison aka Tashiri, #H-54077,
Clyde Jackson aka Abasi Ganda, #C-33559
Rubben Williams aka Kubausa Gitu, #B-72882
Paul Alywen Redd Jr., #B-72683
Hugo L.A. Pinell aka Yogi, #A-88401/D3-221
J. Heshima Denham, #J-38283
Michael Dorrough aka Zaharibu, D-83611
Kambui Robinson, #C-82830
Ruchell Magee aka Cinque, #A92051
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